1. Make Positive The Water Is Well Oxygenated.
In order for an aquaponics system to work, the water will need to have a very good provide of oxygen. This can come from an air pump and air stone or there are easy designs that permit the water circulation system to absorb oxygen. Without oxygen, the fish will die just the same as every other animal. Additionally the plant roots and the micro organism that convert fish wastes into fertilizer also want oxygen. It is much better to have more oxygenation than you need, that not enough. You'll be able to't have an excessive amount of oxygen in the water.
2. Choose An Appropriate Location
You will need a location that gets plenty of light. Either a sunny location or with artificial light. In case your system is indoors, a big sunny window, or even better, a sun room makes an excellent place. When outdoors, the shady side of a building or trees might inhibit growth. Full sun is greatest, unless you live in an area with excessive heat, then afternoon shading may be welcome. Choose a spot where you can preserve proper temperatures. This is where indoors or in a greenhouse has its advantages. Keep away from areas where chemical substance could also be present. And if outdoors, think about protection from wildlife that could be a problem, like raccoons.
3. Choose The Right Fish For Your Location
Tilapia are a standard selection for aquaponics but there are numerous other types of fish that may even do well. In some areas, tilapia and other species have been banned. So check with local laws to verify the fish you choose might be legal. Some fish are temperature sensitive. Ensure you will choose a fish appropriate for the water temperatures that you'll be able to maintain. In an area with cold winters, tilapia will not be a sensible choice for outdoors unless you can hold the water heated,
4. Positioning Your Grow Bed
You'll do yourself a great favor by positioning your develop bed at a comfortable working level. For most individuals this shall be around waist level. This is one of the advantages over rising crops within the soil. No bending over and working on the ground.
5. Adding Additives To The System
Although this type of system will largely take care of itself, as far as vitamins, there are times when you may have to add some supplemental nutrients. If the plants begin to show signs of deficiencies, you will have to add calcium, potassium or iron. This is more likely in a new system that hasn't totally matured yet.
Aquaponics is a quite simple way of producing fresh natural food. You'll be able to produce vegetables and fish with less work than growing plants within the ground. Paying attention to the details above will help ensure your success.
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